Before the United Arab Republic the Middle East was being controlled by NAUball proxies, that had the Jewish Empirecube, a zionist superpower that had expanded toward the Levant, and the Wahhabi Arabian Stateball doing the same but in the peninsula. This allowed the Americans to have absolute control over the resources of the Middle East, following a nuclear war against Iran. This all prevented Russian Greater SFSRball from interfering in the region.
Things in the region started to change after Iran recovered itself and founded the Sovereign Republic of Iranball with the help of Russian Greater SFSRball. Russia and Iran both began to train and arm Arab nationalists to fight against the American proxies. The MLAN was founded as a left wing arabist movement for national liberation. It managed to stop the zionist expansion with the help of Iran, after releasing Iraq and Syria they founded the United Levantine Arab Republicball and the United Nasserist Arab Republicball. Russia then said now there was the possibility of uniting all the Arab countries as long as they cooperated with them, the two republics though backed by Russia regionally were more dependent on Iranian support till the American proxies were ultimately defeated.
NAUball called the new United Arab Republic project a KGB plot to conquer the Middle East. Independent of it however the idea went forward. Americans lost the control over Middle Eastern resources and this would later escalate to the Second American Civil War followed by the North American ages of Troubles.
After being proclaimed, the United Arab Republic was under the Russian Greater SFSRball sphere of influence, they followed a socialist model of economical and social organization. The Arab Socialist Party was created as an ideological common point between baathists, nasserists, gaddafists, marxists and islamic socialists overall. The party was the solo official one of the country, since every small political quarrel could put in risk the new union state. Some minorities like Kurds and Assyrians who received autonomous regions within the provinces, were allowed to have one party in order represent their communities. Russia also tried to mediate problems between the Arabs and the Iranians since after the war ended both began to have border problems.
Regarding the Jews, most had left Palestine after the fall of the Jewish Empirecube fearing persecutions, though officially they were allowed to continue living there. What really made it uninteresting for them staying were the socialist land reforms that dismantled the old Israeli properties and business. Despite everything some remained and and some new communities were formed, mostly collectivist rural ones, in their areas they usually had limited autonomy.
After the Arab Revolutionary Renaissance however, Jews whose families had origins in Arab countries were allowed to apply for citizenship as long as they accepted the UAR's laws and resigned their former nationalities. This allowed the formation of a new Jewish community in the country, their historical communities in Morocco, Egypt, Syria, Iraq, Palestine and Yemen were once again restablished in economic partnership with the government that gained a lot from this process and above all, managed to take the Jews in most part as political allies. The secular authoritarian climate mostly protected Jews from sectarian and fundamentalist attacks.
The United Arab Republic was also strictly secular, religious propaganda within the party was banned, though many religious leaders supported and worked for the party agenda. Freedom of religion was guaranteed but conversions were not recognized and anyone who attempted to do so would go to prison, since the government feared sectarian conflicts.
Political islamism was removed from the promises during the Arab Revolutionary Renaissance, a sociopolitical movement that had as main objective consolidate the solo leadership of the party ideology in all sectors of the Arab society. A main part of the movement was dedicated to crush religious dissidents that disagreed with the secular laws, the government claimed to have incorporated islamic values on it already. The movement was in summary aimed to crush any form opposition to the party, from the most liberal to the most conservative one.
Organizations that identified with salafism, wahhabism, jihadism, khomeinism or any militant wing of sunni or shia islamism were dismantled, their leaders jailed and their mosques rehabilitated into state sponsored ones. By the end of the process, all religious buildings were under state control. Holy places like Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem were allowed to be kept under control of its religious leaderships, that however were submissive to the authority of the party and the state.
Are the average federal subjects of the union:
Are groupings of provinces:
Are special areas inside a province that have more legislative right, far from being 100% autonomous though. There are two:
Article is here.